Definition of History for Jss1
History is the investigation (study) of the past, occasions and in addition the memory, disclosure, gathering, association, introduction and understanding of data about these occasions (events).
As indicated by the New Encyclopedia Briatannica, history can be seen in two viewpoints.
Furthermore, history is the records given to the occasions and the technique or methods of examination, whereby they are landed at or developed.
Difference between History and Storytelling.
The significant reason among history and storytelling is that history alludes to the past while story alludes to an account.
History is the previous, history educates us concerning the occasions and episodes that occurred in the previous, history depends on certainties, acknowledged theroies, and proof, not on bits of gossip, fantasy or legends.
Examples: History of Nigeria is acknowledged to be founded on some genuine certainties.
StoryTelling: Narrating is an account, it describes how something occurred. A story can be a fiction dependent on creative energy or on genuine realities.
Narrating is one of the most seasoned types of occasions told for excitement in any culture.
In end history and Storytelling are distinctive in all things.
Examples(Model): Definition, Base, Intention and association.
SOURCES OF HISTORY:
Wellsprings of History
The word sources in history alludes to the records from which data about the procedure and the investigations of past Events (history) are obtainted.
without these sources, the history specialist would not have the capacity to motivate actualities with which to compose.
Identification of Sources of History
1. Primary Sources of History
a. Oral Traditions: Is the oldest source of recording history. Most our history has come down to us through oral tradition. it is stories passed down by words of mouth of our elders from one generation to another. it is in two ways, many things are either added or subtracted from the original source. one of the disadvange is that oral Tradition suffers often during accuracy of dates, the story tellers may not be sure of the actual dates of such events. Hence, they may rely on such great events as wars.
e. Archival Materials, Etc.....
2. Secondary Sources of History
a. Text Books
b. Journal articles and other articles
c. Government Publications
f. wriiten Records:In our villages, towns, schools and country as well as in other countries, many important events happened everyday. These events or happenings are reported in the forms of news items in newspapers, letters, photographs, etc. All these pieces of information are kept in a special place called archives. Any person who wants to read and find out the exact story of an event goes to public archives and gets the needed information. with the aid of witten records, people are able to write the history of important events which have taken place in their villages, towns or countries, even in the remote past.
In general, written records are better than all other sources of history because once the acts have been correctlly written down, they do not change easilly. They can only change with an additional information which is likely to be true.
3. Tertiary Sources of History
a. Students Project
d. Archaeological Remains or historical remains: Archaeologist are people who study archaeology and statutes, etc...
Sources of history can be identify in so many ways.
How to Access Sources of History
1. Excursion to Historical Sites: Taking a tour to an offical location where pieces of political, Military, Cultural or Social history have been presented due to their cultural heriage value.
Historic Sites or Heritage Site are usually protected by law and many have been recognized with the official national historic site statues. Historic Site may be any building, Landscape, etc.
4. Cultual Festivals
5. Museums, Etc.....
Importance of History
a. Many people study history because they find it interesting and because they want the knowledge for its own sake.
b. Helps individuals to better understand theemselves and their enviroment
c. Serves as a reservoir of Knowledge
a. History serves as a source of ideas and bridges cultural gaps between generations
b. Helps to transmit culture and values
c. Aids intergroup relationships
d. It is the study of those that often help us to understand why people act the way they do today.
a. Promotes Nationalism and patriotism
b. History may be taught in order to win support for a particular political regime, for instance, history may be taught in order to support a particular religion or to overthrow it, to show the advantages or disadvantages of existing economic practice or to glorify a particular race, or to show that races are very much the same.
c. Helps in the understanding of past and present events and personalities
d. Guildes future planning
e. History develops patriotism
f. History is taught in schools in schools in such a way thay makes the children love and respect their own country and admire their great heroes.
Accessment1. what is history
2. State two differences between History and Story telling
3. What is Sources of History
4 Identify three primary Sources of History.
5. Identify three Secondary Sources of Hitory.
6. identify tertiary sources of history.
7. State four measures of accessing sources of history.
8. State two each of the importance of history.
The NOK culture.First we know that culture is the way of life.
The people of NOK were associated with the earliest evidence of metal work in Nigeria.
NOK is a village in jaba local,government of kaduna state,Nigeria.
The discoverery of terracotta figurines at this location caused its name to be used for
the NOK culture of which these figurines art typical which florished in Nigeria in the period 1500BC-500AD
The people of NOK were very skillful in craftsmanship, especially in sculpture
they used ornaments such as bracelets,necklaces,lip-plug and earlobes.
The people grew crops,reared animal and praticed iron smelting histonians said
that culture most have flourised 900AD and 200AD.
The NOK people of nigeria were smelters of iron but also agriculturalists.
Significance of NOK cultureNOK as a society produced the quality of terracotta art found in the nok sites.
They have skilled craftsmen and an orgnised societal setup.
Their terracotta works,in particular,have caught the words attention,with their detailed renditions of the human from.
They represent the oldest known example of terracotta sculpture in African south of the sahara.
The people who inhabited the area at the time of the cultures flourishing are known to have produced iron.
NOK people appear to have come from a single source,experts have suggested that there may have been some form of rule or authority governing its manufacture of terracotta.
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HISTORICAL SITES IN NIGERIA
Ile Ife Location of Ile Ife on the map of Nigeria.
Ife is about 218 Kilometers northeast of Lagos with a population of 509,813.
The ife culture
Ife is an ancient yoruba city in south-western Nigeria.
Ile -ife is a town with a long tradition and clear evidence of knowledge of metal work.
The city is located in present day osun state.
ife was created by Yoruba religion which accordingly was the order of the Supreme God Olodumare to Obatala, eventually falling into the hands of his brother Oduduwa which created turmoil between the two, Oduduwa created his own dynasty through his sons and daughers that became different rulers of many kingdoms.